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Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from to

Commission File Number: 001-34211

GRAND CANYON EDUCATION, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

    

20-3356009

(State or other jurisdiction of
Incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

2600 W. Camelback Road

Phoenix, Arizona 85017

(Address, including zip code, of principal executive offices)

(602) 247-4400

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock

LOPE

Nasdaq Global Select Market

​ ​​ ​

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes       No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes       No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.:

Large Accelerated Filer     

    

Accelerated Filer                      

Non-accelerated Filer       

Smaller Reporting Company     

Emerging Growth Company     

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes      No  

The total number of shares of common stock outstanding as of May 3, 2024, was 29,738,382.

Table of Contents

GRAND CANYON EDUCATION, INC.

FORM 10-Q

INDEX

Page

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

3

Item 1 Financial Statements

3

Item 2 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

19

Item 3 Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

25

Item 4 Controls and Procedures

25

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

25

Item 1 Legal Proceedings

25

Item 1A Risk Factors

26

Item 2 Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

26

Item 3 Defaults Upon Senior Securities

26

Item 4 Mine Safety Disclosures

26

Item 5 Other Information

26

Item 6 Exhibits

27

SIGNATURES

28

2

Table of Contents

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.Financial Statements

GRAND CANYON EDUCATION, INC.

Consolidated Income Statements

(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

2024

    

2023

    

Service revenue

$

274,675

$

250,125

Costs and expenses:

 

  

 

  

Technology and academic services

 

39,125

 

37,512

Counseling services and support

 

82,884

 

73,349

Marketing and communication

 

55,353

 

52,894

General and administrative

 

10,730

 

9,788

Amortization of intangible assets

 

2,105

 

2,105

Total costs and expenses

 

190,197

 

175,648

Operating income

 

84,478

 

74,477

Interest expense

 

(2)

 

(19)

Investment interest and other

 

3,729

 

2,153

Income before income taxes

 

88,205

 

76,611

Income tax expense

 

20,195

 

17,047

Net income

$

68,010

$

59,564

Earnings per share:

 

  

 

  

Basic income per share

$

2.31

$

1.96

Diluted income per share

$

2.29

$

1.94

Basic weighted average shares outstanding

 

29,459

 

30,461

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

 

29,639

 

30,638

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

3

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GRAND CANYON EDUCATION, INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

March 31, 

    

December 31, 

(In thousands, except par value)

 

2024

2023

(Unaudited)

ASSETS:

Current assets

 

  

Cash and cash equivalents

$

196,208

$

146,475

Investments

 

94,485

 

98,031

Accounts receivable, net

 

111,710

 

78,811

Insurance receivable

 

25,500

 

Income tax receivable

 

38

 

1,316

Other current assets

 

16,512

 

12,889

Total current assets

 

444,453

 

337,522

Property and equipment, net

 

172,186

 

169,699

Right-of-use assets

90,135

92,454

Amortizable intangible assets, net

166,276

168,381

Goodwill

 

160,766

 

160,766

Other assets

 

1,755

 

1,641

Total assets

$

1,035,571

$

930,463

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:

 

  

 

  

Current liabilities

 

  

 

  

Accounts payable

$

29,827

$

17,676

Accrued compensation and benefits

 

24,785

 

31,358

Accrued liabilities

 

57,608

 

26,725

Income taxes payable

 

26,300

 

10,250

Deferred revenue

 

10,270

 

Current portion of lease liability

 

11,336

 

11,024

Total current liabilities

 

160,126

 

97,033

Deferred income taxes, noncurrent

 

28,454

 

26,749

Other long-term liability

1,583

410

Lease liability, less current portion

 

85,961

 

88,257

Total liabilities

 

276,124

 

212,449

Commitments and contingencies

 

  

 

  

Stockholders’ equity

 

  

 

  

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 10,000 shares authorized; 0 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023

 

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value, 100,000 shares authorized; 54,087 and 53,970 shares issued and 29,839 and 29,953 shares outstanding at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively

 

541

 

540

Treasury stock, at cost, 24,248 and 24,017 shares of common stock at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively

 

(1,879,697)

 

(1,849,693)

Additional paid-in capital

 

325,994

 

322,512

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(113)

 

(57)

Retained earnings

 

2,312,722

 

2,244,712

Total stockholders’ equity

 

759,447

 

718,014

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

1,035,571

$

930,463

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

4

Table of Contents

GRAND CANYON EDUCATION, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended

 

March 31, 

(In thousands)

2024

    

2023

    

Net income

$

68,010

$

59,564

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:

 

  

 

  

Unrealized (losses) gains on available-for-sale securities, net of taxes of $18 and $37 for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively

 

(56)

 

119

Comprehensive income

$

67,954

$

59,683

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

5

Table of Contents

GRAND CANYON EDUCATION, INC.

Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31, 2024

Accumulated

Additional

Other

Common Stock

Treasury Stock

Paid-in

Comprehensive

Retained

  

Shares

  

Par Value

  

Shares

  

Cost

  

Capital

  

Loss

  

Earnings

  

Total

Balance at December 31, 2023

53,970

$

540

24,017

$

(1,849,693)

$

322,512

$

(57)

$

2,244,712

$

718,014

Comprehensive income

(56)

68,010

67,954

Common stock purchased for treasury

172

(22,558)

(22,558)

Restricted shares forfeited

4

Share-based compensation

117

1

55

(7,446)

3,482

(3,963)

Balance at March 31, 2024

54,087

$

541

24,248

$

(1,879,697)

$

325,994

$

(113)

$

2,312,722

$

759,447

Three Months Ended March 31, 2023

Accumulated

Additional

Other

Common Stock

Treasury Stock

Paid-in

Comprehensive

Retained

  

Shares

  

Par Value

  

Shares

  

Cost

  

Capital

  

Loss

  

Earnings

  

Total

Balance at December 31, 2022

53,830

$

538

 

22,772

$

(1,711,423)

$

309,310

$

(533)

$

2,039,727

$

637,619

Comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

119

 

59,564

 

59,683

Common stock purchased for treasury

 

 

310

 

(35,090)

 

 

 

 

(35,090)

Restricted shares forfeited

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

Share-based compensation

136

 

2

 

56

 

(6,331)

 

3,367

 

 

 

(2,962)

Balance at March 31, 2023

53,966

$

540

23,143

$

(1,752,844)

$

312,677

$

(414)

$

2,099,291

$

659,250

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

6

Table of Contents

GRAND CANYON EDUCATION, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended

 

March 31, 

(In thousands)

2024

    

2023

Cash flows provided by operating activities:

  

 

  

Net income

$

68,010

$

59,564

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

  

 

  

Share-based compensation

 

3,483

 

3,369

Depreciation and amortization

 

6,653

 

5,537

Amortization of intangible assets

2,105

2,105

Deferred income taxes

 

1,724

 

1,816

Other, including fixed asset disposals

 

(208)

 

410

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

  

 

  

Accounts receivable from university partners

 

(32,899)

 

(25,158)

Other assets

 

(3,757)

 

(4,625)

Right-of-use assets and lease liabilities

335

419

Accounts payable

 

11,970

 

1,953

Accrued liabilities

 

(51)

 

(6,294)

Income taxes receivable/payable

 

17,328

 

14,225

Deferred revenue

 

10,270

 

9,678

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

84,963

 

62,999

Cash flows used in investing activities:

 

  

 

  

Capital expenditures

 

(8,979)

 

(8,587)

Additions of amortizable content

 

(72)

 

(244)

Purchases of investments

 

(19,381)

 

(52,556)

Proceeds from sale or maturity of investments

 

23,172

 

24,253

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(5,260)

 

(37,134)

Cash flows used in financing activities:

 

  

 

  

Repurchase of common shares and shares withheld in lieu of income taxes

 

(29,970)

 

(41,234)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(29,970)

 

(41,234)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

49,733

 

(15,369)

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period

 

146,475

 

120,409

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

$

196,208

$

105,040

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information

 

  

 

  

Cash paid for interest

$

2

$

19

Cash paid for income taxes

$

295

$

230

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities

 

  

 

  

Purchases of property and equipment included in accounts payable

$

2,091

$

973

Insurance receivable for litigation settlement to be paid by insurance

$

25,500

$

Excise tax on treasury stock repurchases

$

34

$

187

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

7

Table of Contents

Grand Canyon Education, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except per share data)

1. Nature of Business

Grand Canyon Education, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries, the “Company” or “GCE”) is a publicly traded education services company dedicated to serving colleges and universities. GCE has developed significant technological solutions, infrastructure and operational processes to provide services to these institutions on a large scale. GCE’s most significant university partner is Grand Canyon University (“GCU”), an Arizona non-profit corporation, a comprehensive regionally accredited university that offers graduate and undergraduate degree programs, emphases and certificates across ten colleges both online, on ground at its campus in Phoenix, Arizona and at six off-campus classroom and laboratory sites.

We also provide education services to numerous university partners across the United States. GCE has continued to add additional university partners. In the healthcare field, we work in partnership with a growing number of top universities and healthcare networks across the country, offering healthcare-related academic programs at off-campus classroom and laboratory sites located near healthcare providers and developing high-quality, career-ready graduates who enter the workforce ready to meet the demands of the healthcare industry. In addition, we have provided certain services to a university partner to assist them in expanding their online graduate programs. As of March 31, 2024, GCE provides education services to 23 university partners across the United States.

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. Intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Unaudited Interim Financial Information

The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10, consistent in all material respects with those applied in its financial statements included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023. They do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. Such interim financial information is unaudited but reflects all adjustments that in the opinion of management are necessary for the fair presentation of the interim periods presented. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited financial statements and footnotes included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023 from which the December 31, 2023 balance sheet information was derived.

Investments

As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the Company considered its investments in corporate bonds, agency bonds and commercial paper as available-for-sale securities based on the Company’s intent for the respective securities. Available-for-sale securities are carried at fair value, determined using Level 1 and Level 2 of the hierarchy of valuation inputs, with the use of inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the assets. Unrealized investment gains and losses, net of tax, are reported as a separate component of other comprehensive income. Unrealized losses considered to be other-than-temporary are recognized currently in earnings. Amortization of premiums, accretion of discounts, interest and dividend income and realized gains and losses are included in interest and other income.

Insurance Receivable

The Company recorded a insurance receivable on March 31, 2024 for $25,500 for the Shareholder Litigation matter discussed in detail in Note 8 of the consolidated financial statements. The Company’s insurance carriers will fund the entire settlement amount.

8

Table of Contents

Grand Canyon Education, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except per share data)

Arrangements with GCU

On July 1, 2018, the Company consummated an Asset Purchase Agreement (the “Asset Purchase Agreement”) with GCU. In conjunction with the Asset Purchase Agreement, the Company and GCU entered into a long-term master services agreement pursuant to which the Company provides identified technology and academic services, counseling services and support, marketing and communication services, and several back-office services to GCU in return for 60% of GCU’s tuition and fee revenue. Except for identified liabilities assumed by GCU, GCE retained responsibility for all liabilities of the business arising from pre-closing operations.

Internally Developed Software

The Company capitalizes certain costs related to internal-use software, primarily consisting of direct labor associated with creating the software. Software development projects generally include three stages: the preliminary project stage (all costs are expensed as incurred), the application development stage (certain costs are capitalized and certain costs are expensed as incurred) and the post-implementation or operation stage (all costs are expensed as incurred). Costs capitalized in the application development stage include costs of design, coding, integration, and testing of the software developed. Capitalization of costs requires judgment in determining when a project has reached the application development stage and the period over which we expect to benefit from the use of that software. Once the software is placed in service, these costs are amortized straight-line over the estimated useful life of the software, which is generally three years. These assets are a component of our property and equipment, net in our consolidated balance sheets.

Capitalized Content Development

The Company capitalizes certain costs to fulfill a contract related to the development and digital creation of content on a course-by-course basis for each university partner, many times in conjunction with faculty and subject matter experts. The Company is responsible for the conversion of instructional materials to an on-line format, including outlines, quizzes, lectures, and articles in accordance with the educational guidelines provided to us by our university partners, prior to the respective course commencing. We also capitalize the creation of learning objects which are digital assets such as online demonstrations, simulations, and case studies used to obtain learning objectives.

Costs that are capitalized include payroll and payroll-related costs for employees who are directly associated and spend time producing content and payments to faculty and subject matter experts involved in the process.  The Company starts capitalizing content costs when it begins to develop or to convert a particular course, resources have been assigned and a timeline has been set. The content asset is placed in service when all work is complete, and the curriculum could be used for instruction. Capitalized content development assets are included in other assets in our consolidated balance sheets. The Company has concluded that the most appropriate method to amortize the deferred content assets is on a straight-line basis over the estimated life of the course, which is generally four years which corresponds with course’s review and major revision cycle. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, $726 and $746, respectively, net of amortization, of deferred content assets are included in other assets, long-term in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets and amortization is included in technical and academic services where the costs originated.

Long-Lived Assets

The Company evaluates the recoverability of its long-lived assets for impairment, other than goodwill, whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to undiscounted future net cash flows expected to be generated by the assets. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets.

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Grand Canyon Education, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except per share data)

Leases

The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception and evaluates the lease agreement to determine whether the lease is a finance or operating lease. Right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and lease liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. The Company uses its incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at the commencement to determine the present value of lease payments over the lease term. At lease inception, the Company determines the lease term by assuming no exercises of renewal options, due to the Company’s constantly changing geographical needs for its university partners. Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded in the consolidated balance sheets and are recognized as lease expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company has lease agreements with lease and non-lease components, and the non-lease components are accounted for separately and not included in our ROU assets and lease liabilities. Leases primarily consist of off-campus classroom and laboratory site locations and office space.

Goodwill and Amortizable Intangible Assets

Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price of an acquired business over the amount assigned to the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed. Goodwill is assessed at least annually for impairment during the fourth quarter, or more frequently if circumstances indicate potential impairment. Goodwill is allocated to our reporting unit at the education services segment, which is the same as the entity as a whole (entity level reporting unit). The Company has concluded there is one operating segment and one reporting unit for goodwill impairment consideration. The Financial Accounting Standards Board has issued guidance that permits an entity to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is necessary to perform the quantitative goodwill impairment test. The Company reviews goodwill at least annually or more frequently if an event occurs or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of the reporting unit below its carrying amount.

Finite-lived intangible assets that are acquired in a business combination are recorded at fair value on their acquisition dates and are amortized using a method that reflects the pattern in which the economic benefits of the intangible assets are consumed or on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of the intangible asset if the pattern of economic benefit cannot be reliability determined. Finite-lived intangible assets consist of university partner relationships and trade names. The Company reviews its finite-lived intangible assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an intangible asset may not be recoverable. There were no indicators that the carrying amount of the finite-lived intangible assets were impaired as of March 31, 2024. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to undiscounted future net cash flows expected to be generated by the assets. If such intangible assets are not recoverable, a potential impairment loss is recognized to the extent the carrying amounts of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets.

Share-Based Compensation

The Company measures and recognizes compensation expense for share-based payment awards made to employees and directors. The fair value of the Company’s restricted stock awards is based on the market price of its common stock on the date of grant. Stock-based compensation expense related to restricted stock grants is expensed over the vesting period using the straight-line method for Company employees and the Company’s board of directors. The Company recognizes forfeitures as they occur.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The carrying value of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued compensation and benefits and accrued liabilities expenses approximate their fair value based on the liquidity or the short-term maturities of these instruments.

The fair value of investments was determined using Level 1 and Level 2 of the hierarchy of valuation inputs, with the use of inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the assets. The unit of account used for valuation is the individual underlying security. The basis for fair value measurements for each level is described below, with Level 1 having the highest priority.

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Grand Canyon Education, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except per share data)

-Level 1 – inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

-Level 2 – inputs are quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in non-active markets; and model-derived valuations whose inputs are observable or whose significant valuation drivers are observable.

-Level 3 – unobservable inputs that are not corroborated by market data.

Investments are comprised of corporate bonds, commercial paper and agency bonds.

Revenue Recognition

The Company generates all of its revenue through services agreements with its university partners (“Services Agreements”), pursuant to which the Company provides integrated technology and academic services, marketing and communication services, and back-office services to its university partners in return for a percentage of tuition and fee revenue.

The Company’s Services Agreements have initial terms ranging from 7-15 years, subject to renewal options, although certain agreements may give the university partners the right to terminate early if certain conditions are met. The Company’s Services Agreements have a single performance obligation, as the promises to provide the identified services are not distinct within the context of these agreements. The single performance obligation is delivered as our partners receive and consume benefits, which occurs ratably over a series of distinct service periods (daily or semester). Service revenue is recognized over time using the output method of measuring progress towards complete satisfaction of the single performance obligation. The output method provides a faithful depiction of the performance toward complete satisfaction of the performance obligation and can be tied to the time elapsed which is consumed evenly over the service period and is a direct measurement of the value provided to our partners. The service fees received from our partners over the term of the agreement are variable in nature in that they are dependent upon the number of students attending the university partner’s program and revenues generated from those students during the service period. Due to the variable nature of the consideration over the life of the service arrangement, the Company considered forming an expectation of the variable consideration to be received over the service life of this one performance obligation. However, since the performance obligation represents a series of distinct services, the Company recognizes the variable consideration that becomes known and billable because these fees relate to the distinct service period in which the fees are earned. The Company meets the criteria in the standard and exercises the practical expedient to not disclose the aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to the single performance obligation that is unsatisfied as of the end of the reporting period. The Company does not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations because the directly allocable variable consideration is allocated entirely to a wholly unsatisfied promise to transfer a service that forms part of a single performance obligation. The service fees are calculated and settled per the terms of the Services Agreements and result in a settlement duration of less than one year for all partners. There are no refunds or return rights under the Services Agreements.

The Company’s receivables represent unconditional rights to consideration from our Services Agreements with our university partners. Accounts receivable, net is stated at net realizable value and contains billed and unbilled revenue. The Company utilizes the allowance method to provide for doubtful accounts based on its evaluation of the expected credit losses. There have been no amounts written off and no reserves established as of March 31, 2024. The Company will continue to review and revise its allowance methodology based on its collection experience with its partners.

For our partners with unbilled revenue, revenue recognition occurs in advance of billings. Billings for some university partners do not occur until after the service period has commenced and final enrollment information is available. Given that the Fall semester has ended as of December 31 of each year unbilled revenue is low at year end whereas at the end of each fiscal quarter a semester is ongoing and thus unbilled revenue is higher. Our unbilled revenue of $2,956 and $188 as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively, are included in accounts receivable in our consolidated balance sheets. Deferred revenue represents the excess of amounts received as compared to amounts recognized in revenue on our consolidated statements of income as of the end of the reporting period, and such amounts

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Grand Canyon Education, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except per share data)

are reflected as a current liability on our consolidated balance sheets. We generally receive payments for our services billed within 30 days of invoice. These payments are recorded as deferred revenue until the services are delivered and revenue is recognized.

Allowance for Credit Losses

The Company records its accounts receivable at the net amount expected to be collected. Our accounts receivable are derived through education services provided to university partners. The Company maintains an allowance for credit losses resulting from our university partners not making payments. The Company determines the adequacy of the allowance by periodically evaluating each university partners balance, considering their financial condition and credit history, and considering current and forecasted economic conditions. Bad debt expense is recorded as a technology and academic services expense in the consolidated income statements. The Company monitors the impact of other factors on expected credit losses.

Technology and Academic Services

Technology and academic services consist primarily of costs related to ongoing maintenance of educational infrastructure, including online course delivery and management, student records, assessment, customer relations management and other internal administrative systems. This also includes costs to provide support for content development, faculty training, development and other faculty support, technology support, rent and occupancy costs for university partners’ off-campus classroom and laboratory sites, and assistance with state compliance. This expense category includes salaries, benefits and share-based compensation, information technology costs, amortization of content development costs and other costs associated with these support services. This category also includes an allocation of depreciation, amortization, and occupancy costs attributable to the provision of certain services, primarily at the Company’s Phoenix, Arizona and Indianapolis, Indiana locations.

Counseling Services and Support

Counseling services and support consist primarily of costs including team-based counseling and other support to prospective and current students as well as financial aid processing. This expense category includes salaries, benefits and share-based compensation, and other costs such as dues, fees and subscriptions and travel costs. This category also includes an allocation of depreciation, amortization, lease expense, and occupancy costs attributable to the provision of certain services, primarily at the Company’s Phoenix, Arizona and Indianapolis, Indiana locations.

Marketing and Communication

Marketing and communication includes lead acquisition, digital communication strategies, brand identity advertising, media planning and strategy, video, data science and analysis, marketing to potential students and other promotional and communication services. This expense category includes salaries, benefits and share-based compensation for marketing and communication personnel, brand advertising, marketing leads and other promotional and communication expenses. This category also includes an allocation of depreciation, amortization, lease expense, and occupancy costs attributable to the provision of certain services, primarily at the Company’s Phoenix, Arizona and Indianapolis, Indiana locations. Advertising costs are expensed as incurred.

General and Administrative

General and administrative expenses include salaries, benefits and share-based compensation of employees engaged in corporate management, finance, human resources, compliance, and other corporate functions. This category also includes an allocation of depreciation, amortization, lease expense, and occupancy costs attributable to the provision of these services, primarily at the Company’s Phoenix, Arizona and Indianapolis, Indiana locations.

Commitments and Contingencies

The Company accrues for contingent obligations when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount is reasonably estimable. When the Company becomes aware of a claim or potential claim, the likelihood of any loss exposure is assessed. If it is probable that a loss will result and the amount of the loss is estimable, the Company

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Grand Canyon Education, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except per share data)

records a liability for the estimated loss. If the loss is not probable or the amount of the potential loss is not estimable, the Company will disclose the claim if the likelihood of a potential loss is reasonably possible and the amount of the potential loss could be material. Estimates that are particularly sensitive to future changes include tax, legal, and other regulatory matters, which are subject to change as events evolve, and as additional information becomes available during the administrative and litigation process. The Company expenses legal fees as incurred.

Concentration of Credit Risk

The Company believes the credit risk related to cash equivalents and investments is limited due to its adherence to an investment policy that requires investments to have a minimum BBB rating, depending on the type of security, by at least one major rating agency at the time of purchase. All of the Company’s cash equivalents and investments as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 consist of investments rated BBB or higher by at least one rating agency. Additionally, the Company utilizes at least one financial institution to conduct initial and ongoing credit analysis on its investment portfolio to monitor and lower the potential impact of market risk associated with its cash equivalents and investment portfolio. Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentration of credit risk consist principally of cash balances, which are primarily invested in money market funds or on deposit at high credit quality financial institutions in the U.S. Accounts at each institution are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) up to $250,000. At March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the Company had $195,207 and $145,474, respectively, in excess of the FDIC insured limit. The Company is also subject to credit risk for its accounts receivable balance. Our dependence on our most significant university partner, with 89.7% and 88.5% of total service revenue for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, subjects us to the risk that declines in our customer’s operations would result in a sustained reduction in service revenue for the Company.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Segment Information

The Company operates as a single education services company using a core infrastructure that serves the curriculum and educational delivery needs of its university partners. The Company’s Chief Executive Officer manages the Company’s operations as a whole and no expense or operating income information is generated or evaluated on any component level other than consolidated net income.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In November 2023, the FASB issued ASU No. 2023-07, “Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosure,” effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, with early adoption permitted. The ASU adds disclosure requirements for segment expense information. The ASU clarifies that single reportable segment entities are subject to Topic 280 in its entirety. The Company adopted this standard effective January 1, 2024 and the adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or statements of cash flows.

In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU No. 2023-09, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures.” The ASU includes amendments requiring enhanced income tax disclosures, primarily related to standardization and disaggregation of rate reconciliation categories and income taxes paid by jurisdiction. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024, with early adoption permitted, and should be applied either prospectively or retrospectively. The Company does not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or statements of cash flows.

The Company has determined that no other recent accounting pronouncements apply to its operations or could otherwise have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

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Grand Canyon Education, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except per share data)

3. Investments

As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the Company had investments of $94,485 and $98,031, respectively, classified as available-for-sale securities.

As of March 31, 2024, the Company had available-for-sale investments comprised of the following:

As of March 31, 2024

    

    

Gross

    

Gross

    

Estimated

Adjusted

Unrealized

Unrealized

Fair

Cost

Gains

(Losses)

Value

Corporate bonds

$

79,633

$

155

$

(295)

$

79,493

Agency bonds

15,001

4

(13)

14,992

Total investments

$

94,634

$

159

$

(308)

$

94,485

For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, the net unrealized losses and gains were $56 and $119, respectively, net of taxes. Available-for-sale debt securities are carried at fair value on the consolidated balance sheets. The Company estimates the lifetime expected credit losses for all available-for sale debt securities in an unrealized loss position. If our assessment indicates that an expected credit loss exists, we determine the portion of the unrealized loss attributable to credit deterioration and record a reserve for the expected credit loss in the allowance for credit losses in technology and academic services in our consolidated income statements. The Company has the ability and intent to hold these investments until recovery or maturity.

Available-for-sale securities maturing as of December 31:

2024

$

50,632

2025

26,916

2026

9,747

2027

7,190

Total

$

94,485

4. Net Income Per Common Share

Basic earnings per common share is calculated by dividing net income available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted earnings per common share reflects the assumed conversion of all potentially dilutive securities, consisting of restricted stock awards, for which the estimated fair value exceeds the exercise price, less shares which could have been purchased with the related proceeds, unless anti-dilutive. For employee equity awards, repurchased shares are also included for any unearned compensation adjusted for tax. The table below reflects the calculation of the weighted average number of common shares outstanding, on an as if converted basis, used in computing basic and diluted earnings per common share.

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

    

 

2024

    

2023

    

Denominator:

 

 

  

 

  

 

Basic weighted average shares outstanding

 

 

29,459

 

30,461

 

Effect of dilutive stock options and restricted stock

 

 

180

 

177

 

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

 

 

29,639

 

30,638

 

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding excludes the incremental effect of unvested restricted stock in accordance with the treasury stock method. For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, approximately 78 and 100, respectively, of the Company’s restricted stock awards outstanding were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share as their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive. These restricted stock awards could be dilutive in the future.

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Grand Canyon Education, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except per share data)

5. Property and Equipment

Property and equipment consist of the following:

 

March 31, 

    

December 31, 

2024

2023

Land

$

5,098

$

5,098

Land improvements

 

2,242

 

2,242

Buildings

 

51,399

 

51,399

Buildings and leasehold improvements

 

34,463

 

34,210

Computer equipment

 

140,304

 

138,950

Furniture, fixtures and equipment

 

26,970

 

26,737

Internally developed software

 

74,728

 

71,204

Construction in progress

 

13,903

 

10,274

 

349,107

 

340,114

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

(176,921)

 

(170,415)

Property and equipment, net

$

172,186

$

169,699

6. Amortizable Intangible Assets

Identified intangible assets of $210,280 consisted primarily of university partner relationships that were valued at $210,000, which arose in connection with the 2019 acquisition of Orbis Education.

Amortizable intangible assets consist of the following as of:

March 31, 2024

Estimated

Gross

Net

Average Useful

Carrying

Accumulated

Carrying

Life (in years)

Amount

Amortization

Amount

University partner relationships

25

  

$

210,000

  

$

(43,724)

  

$

166,276

Trade names

1

280

(280)

 

Total amortizable intangible assets, net

$

210,280

$

(44,004)

$

166,276

Amortization expense for university partner relationships and trade names for the years ending December 31:

2024

$

6,314

2025

 

8,419

2026

8,419

2027

8,419

2028

8,419

Thereafter

 

126,286

$

166,276

7. Leases

The Company has operating leases for off-campus classroom and laboratory sites, office space, office equipment, and optical fiber communication lines. These leases have remaining lease terms that range from two months to 10 years and one month. At lease inception, we determine the lease term by assuming no exercises of renewal options due to the Company’s constantly changing geographical needs for its university partners. Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded in the consolidated balance sheets and we recognize lease expense for these leases on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company had operating lease costs of $3,877 and $3,018 for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.

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Grand Canyon Education, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except per share data)

As of March 31, 2024, the Company had $29,578 of non-cancelable operating lease commitments for five off-campus classroom and laboratory sites that had not yet commenced. The Company’s weighted-average remaining lease term relating to its operating leases is 7.79 years, with a weighted-average discount rate of 3.9%. The cash paid for operating lease liabilities was $3,541 and $2,600 for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. As of March 31, 2024, the Company had no financing leases.

Future payment obligations with respect to the Company’s operating leases, which were existing at March 31, 2024, by year and in the aggregate, are as follows:

Year Ending December 31,

    

Amount

2024

$

11,025

2025

14,808

2026

14,808

2027

14,080

2028

13,835

Thereafter

45,261

Total lease payments

$

113,817

Less interest

16,520

Present value of lease liabilities

$

97,297

8. Commitments and Contingencies

Legal Matters

From time to time, the Company is a party to various lawsuits, claims, and other legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of business, some of which are covered by insurance. When the Company is aware of a claim or potential claim, it assesses the likelihood of any loss or exposure. If it is probable that a loss will result and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated, the Company records a liability for the loss. If the loss is not probable or the amount of the loss cannot be reasonably estimated, the Company discloses the nature of the specific claim if the likelihood of a potential loss is reasonably possible, and the amount involved could be material. With respect to the majority of pending litigation matters, the Company’s ultimate legal and financial responsibility, if any, cannot be estimated with certainty and, in most cases, any potential losses related to those matters are not considered probable.

Upon resolution of any pending legal matters, the Company may incur charges in excess of presently established reserves. Management does not believe that any such charges would, individually or in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Pending Litigation Matters

Shareholder Litigation. On May 12, 2020, a securities class action complaint was filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware by the City of Hialeah Employees’ Retirement System naming the Company, Brian E. Mueller and Daniel E. Bachus as defendants for allegedly making false and materially misleading statements regarding the circumstances surrounding the Company’s sale of Grand Canyon University (the “University”) to a non-profit entity on July 1, 2018 and the subsequent decision of the U.S. Department of Education to continue to treat the University as a for-profit institution for education regulatory purposes (collectively, the “Conversion”). The complaint asserted a putative class period stemming from January 5, 2018, the date when the Company announced that it had applied to the University’s accreditor for approval of the Conversion, to January 27, 2020, the date prior to the publication of a short-seller report focused on the Conversion. A substantially similar complaint was filed in the same court by Grant Walsh on June 12, 2020, making similar allegations against the Company, Mr. Mueller and Mr. Bachus. Both complaints alleged violations of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and Rule 10b-5 promulgated thereunder and sought unspecified monetary relief, interest, and attorneys’ fees.

On August 13, 2020, the two cases were consolidated and the Fire and Police Association of Colorado, the Oakland County Employees’ Retirement System and the Oakland County Voluntary Employees’ Beneficiary

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Grand Canyon Education, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except per share data)

Association Trust were appointed as lead plaintiffs. Thereafter, the plaintiffs filed a consolidated amended complaint on October 20, 2020, and the Company filed a motion to dismiss on December 21, 2020. On August 23, 2021, the Court granted the Company’s motion to dismiss in its entirety but permitted plaintiffs to file a further amended complaint to correct deficiencies in the initial complaint. The plaintiffs filed further amended complaints on September 28, 2021, and January 21, 2022, and the Company filed a further motion to dismiss on March 15, 2022. On March 28, 2023, the Company’s motion to dismiss was denied. On January 5, 2024, plaintiffs moved for class action status and the briefing on plaintiffs motion commenced.

On March 25, 2024, the parties executed a Stipulation and Agreement of Settlement to resolve this action. Subsequently, on March 29, 2024, the plaintiffs filed a motion seeking entry of an order preliminarily approving the settlement and establishing notice procedures, and on May 1, 2024, the Court granted an order preliminarily approving the settlement and authorizing dissemination of notice. The settlement remains subject to final approval by the Court. The Company’s insurance carriers will fund the entire settlement amount.

On December 22, 2023, the Company was named as a nominal defendant and certain of the Company’s current and former directors and officers were named as defendants in a shareholder derivative lawsuit filed in the Delaware Court of Chancery related to, among other things, the allegations in the aforementioned securities class action. The complaint asserts claims for breach of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, aiding and abetting breach of fiduciary duty, and corporate waste against all defendants. The defendants filed a motion to dismiss the complaint on April 15, 2024. The plaintiffs are required to either file a response opposing the motion to dismiss or submit an amended complaint by no later than June 12, 2024.

False Claims Act Matter. In May 2020, we were served with a qui tam lawsuit that had been filed against us in 2019 in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts by a former employee on behalf of the federal government. All proceedings in the lawsuit had been under seal until February 2020, when the U.S. government decided to not intervene in the lawsuit, and the complaint was then unsealed by the court. The suit, United States ex rel Mackillop v. Grand Canyon Education, Inc., alleges that we violated the False Claims Act by improperly compensating certain of our enrollment counselors in violation of the Title IV law governing compensation of such employees (the “incentive compensation rule”), and as a result, improperly received Title IV program funds. In response to a second amended complaint filed in September 2020, we filed a motion to dismiss and a motion to transfer the matter to the U.S. District Court for the District of Arizona. In December 2020, the court granted our motion to dismiss as to one of three counts and granted the motion to transfer but only upon conclusion of pretrial proceedings. In September 2021, we filed a motion for summary judgment which the Massachusetts court denied in September 2022. Subsequently, the matter was transferred to the Arizona court and trial was scheduled for late April 2024. In the interim, we filed a motion for reconsideration of the summary judgment ruling in September 2023; that motion remains pending. Prior to trial commencing, we and the relator reached an agreement to stay trial while the parties attempt to finalize the terms upon which the litigation could be concluded. For any future settlement to be effected, all parties to the litigation will need to agree on acceptable terms, both monetary and non-monetary. In this regard, because this matter involves claims under the False Claims Act, any such terms would also need to be approved by the applicable U.S. government agencies.

We believe that the compensation practices at issue in the complaint, which were developed with the guidance of outside regulatory counsel specifically to comply with Title IV and its regulations and relevant case law interpreting the incentive compensation rule, do not violate applicable law. If a future settlement is not finalized on terms acceptable to all parties in interest, the Company intends to defend itself vigorously in this legal proceeding.  The outcome of this legal proceeding is uncertain at this point.  At present, the Company cannot reasonably estimate a range of loss for this action based on the information available to the Company.  Accordingly, the Company has not accrued any liability associated with this action.

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Grand Canyon Education, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(In thousands, except per share data)

9. Share-Based Compensation

Incentive Plan

The Company makes equity incentive grants pursuant to our 2017 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2017 Plan”) under which a maximum of 3,000 shares may be granted. As of March 31, 2024, 965 shares were available for grants under the 2017 Plan.

Restricted Stock

During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company granted 117 shares of common stock with a service vesting condition to certain of its executives, officers and employees. The restricted shares have voting rights and vest in five annual installments of 20%, with the first installment vesting in March of the calendar year following the date of grant (the “first vesting date”) and subsequent installments vesting on each of the four anniversaries of the first vesting date. Upon vesting, shares will be withheld in lieu of taxes equivalent to the minimum statutory tax withholding required to be paid when the restricted stock vests. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company withheld 55 shares of common stock in lieu of taxes at a cost of $7,446 on the restricted stock vesting dates.

A summary of the activity related to restricted stock granted under the Company’s Incentive Plan since December 31, 2023 is as follows:

    

    

Weighted Average

Total

Grant Date

Shares

Fair Value per Share

Outstanding as of December 31, 2023

 

450

$

93.16

Granted

 

117

$

130.60

Vested

 

(142)

$

91.08

Forfeited, canceled or expired

 

(4)

$

94.61

Outstanding as of March 31, 2024

 

421

$

104.22

Share-based Compensation Expense

The table below outlines share-based compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 related to restricted stock granted:

 

2024

    

2023

Technology and academic services

$

605

$

678

Counseling services and support

 

1,826

 

1,743

Marketing and communication

 

54

 

48

General and administrative

 

998

 

900

Share-based compensation expense included in operating expenses

 

3,483

 

3,369

Tax effect of share-based compensation

 

(871)

 

(842)

Share-based compensation expense, net of tax

$

2,612

$

2,527

10. Treasury Stock

The Board of Directors has authorized under its existing stock repurchase program, an aggregate authorization for share repurchases since the initiation of our program of $2,045,000. The expiration date on the repurchase authorization is March 1, 2025. Repurchases occur at the Company’s discretion. Repurchases may be made in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions, pursuant to the applicable Securities and Exchange Commission rules. The amount and timing of future share repurchases, if any, will be made as market and business conditions warrant.

During the three months ended March 31, 2024 the Company repurchased 172 shares of common stock, at an aggregate cost of $22,524. As of March 31, 2024, there remained $242,530 available under its current share repurchase authorization. Shares repurchased in lieu of taxes are not included in the repurchase plan totals as they were approved in conjunction with the restricted share awards. Excise taxes of $34 are not included in the repurchase plan totals but are included in the total cost of net share repurchases in the consolidated statement of stockholders’ equity.

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Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and related notes that appear elsewhere in this report.

Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including Item 2, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, contains certain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). These forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements regarding: proposed new programs; statements as to whether regulatory developments or other matters may or may not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, or liquidity; statements concerning projections, predictions, expectations, estimates, or forecasts as to our business, financial and operational results, and future economic performance; and statements of management’s goals and objectives and other similar expressions concerning matters that are not historical facts. Words such as “may,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continue,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “future,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates” and similar expressions, the negative of these expressions, as well as statements in future tense, identify forward-looking statements. You can also identify forward-looking statements by discussions of strategy, plans or intentions of management.

Forward-looking statements should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results and will not necessarily be accurate indications of the times at, or by, which such performance or results will be achieved. Forward-looking statements are based on information available at the time those statements are made or management’s good faith belief as of that time with respect to future events and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from those expressed in or suggested by the forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause our actual performance or results to differ materially from those expressed in or suggested by the forward-looking statements, include, but are not limited to:

legal and regulatory actions taken against our university partners that impact their businesses and that directly or indirectly reduce the service revenue we can earn under our master services agreements;
the occurrence of any event, change or other circumstance that could give rise to the termination of any of the key university partner agreements;
our ability to properly manage risks and challenges associated with strategic initiatives, including potential acquisitions or divestitures of, or investments in, new businesses, acquisitions of new properties and new university partners, and expansion of services provided to our existing university partners;
our failure to comply with the extensive regulatory framework applicable to us either directly as a third-party service provider or indirectly through our university partners, including Title IV of the Higher Education Act and the regulations thereunder, state laws and regulatory requirements, and accrediting commission requirements, and the results of related legal and regulatory actions that arise from such failures;
the harm to our business, results of operations, and financial condition, and harm to our university partners resulting from epidemics, pandemics, or public health crises;
the harm to our business and our ability to retract and retain students resulting from capacity constraints, system disruptions, or security breaches in our online computer networks and phone systems:
the ability of our university partners’ students to obtain federal Title IV funds, state financial aid, and private financing;
potential damage to our reputation or other adverse effects as a result of negative publicity in the media, in the industry or in connection with governmental reports or investigations or otherwise, affecting us or other companies in the education services sector;
risks associated with changes in applicable federal and state laws and regulations and accrediting commission standards, including pending rulemaking by the United States Department of Education applicable to us directly or indirectly through our university partners;

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competition from other education service companies in our geographic region and market sector, including competition for students, qualified executives and other personnel;
our expected tax payments and tax rate;
our ability to hire and train new, and develop and train existing employees;
the pace of growth of our university partners’ enrollment and its effect on the pace of our own growth;
fluctuations in our revenues due to seasonality;
our ability to, on behalf of our university partners, convert prospective students to enrolled students and to retain active students to graduation;
our success in updating and expanding the content of existing programs and developing new programs in a cost-effective manner or on a timely basis for our university partners;
risks associated with the competitive environment for marketing the programs of our university partners;
failure on our part to keep up with advances in technology that could enhance the experience for our university partners’ students;
our ability to manage future growth effectively;
the impact of any natural disasters or public health emergencies; and
general adverse economic conditions or other developments that affect the job prospects of our university partners’ students.

Additional factors that could cause actual results to differ from those discussed in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, those described in this “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and in “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “2023 Form 10-K”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023, as updated in our subsequent reports filed with the SEC, including any updates found in Part II, Item 1A of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q or our other reports on Form 10-Q. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date the statements are made. You should not put undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. We assume no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect actual results, changes in assumptions, or changes in other factors affecting forward-looking information, except to the extent required by applicable securities laws. If we do update one or more forward-looking statements, no inference should be drawn that we will make additional updates with respect to those or other forward-looking statements.

Explanatory Note

Grand Canyon Education, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries, the “Company” or “GCE”) is a publicly traded education services company dedicated to serving colleges and universities. GCE has developed significant technological solutions, infrastructure and operational processes to provide services to these institutions on a large scale. GCE’s most significant university partner is Grand Canyon University (“GCU”), a comprehensive regionally accredited university that offers graduate and undergraduate degree programs, emphases and certificates across ten colleges both online and on ground at its campus in Phoenix, Arizona, and at six off-campus classroom and laboratory sites.

We also provide education services to numerous university partners across the United States. GCE has continued to add additional university partners. In the healthcare field, we work in partnership with a growing number of top universities and healthcare networks across the country, offering healthcare-related academic programs at off-campus classroom and laboratory sites located near healthcare providers and developing high-quality, career-ready graduates who enter the workforce ready to meet the demands of the healthcare industry. In addition, we have provided certain services to a university partner to assist them in expanding their online graduate programs. As of March 31, 2024, GCE provides education services to 23 university partners across the United States.

We plan to continue to add additional university partners and to introduce additional programs with both our existing partners and with new partners. We may engage with both new and existing university partners to offer healthcare programs, online only or hybrid programs, or, as is the case for our most significant partner, GCU, both

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healthcare and other programs. We do disclose significant information for GCU, such as enrollments, due to its size in comparison to our other university partners.

Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimates

Our critical accounting policies are disclosed in the 2023 Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, there were no significant changes in our critical accounting policies.

Results of Operations

The following table sets forth certain income statement data as a percentage of revenue for each of the periods indicated. Amortization of intangible assets has been excluded from the table below:

Three Months Ended

March 31, 

    

2024

    

2023

    

    

Costs and expenses

 

  

 

  

 

 

Technology and academic services

 

14.2

%  

15.0

%  

 

Counseling services and support

 

30.2

 

29.3

 

 

Marketing and communication

 

20.2

 

21.1

 

 

General and administrative

 

3.9

 

3.9

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2024 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2023

Service revenue. Our service revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2024 was $274.7 million, an increase of $24.6 million, or 9.8%, as compared to service revenue of $250.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023. The increase year over year in service revenue was primarily due to an increase in GCU enrollments to 116,952 at March 31, 2024, an increase of 7.7% over enrollments at March 31, 2023 and an increase in revenue per student year over year. The increase in revenue per student between years is primarily due to the service revenue impact of the increased room, board and other ancillary revenues at GCU in the first quarter of 2024 as compared to the prior year period. In addition, service revenue per student for Accelerated Bachelor of Science in Nursing (“ABSN”) students at off-campus classroom and laboratory sites generates a significantly higher revenue per student than we earn under our agreement with GCU, as these agreements generally provide us with a higher revenue share percentage, the partners have higher tuition rates than GCU and the majority of their students take more credits on average per semester. The increase in revenue per student in the three months ended March 31, 2024 was also positively impacted by the timing of the Spring semester for the ground traditional campus. The Spring semester started one day earlier in 2024 than in 2023, which had the effect of shifting $2.1 million in service revenue from the second quarter of 2024 to the first quarter of 2024 in comparison to the prior year. The additional day for leap year in 2024 added additional service revenue of $1.5 million as compared to the prior year. Partner enrollments totaled 120,788 at March 31, 2024 as compared to 112,588 at March 31, 2023. University partner enrollments at our off-campus classroom and laboratory sites were 4,486, an increase of 4.0% over enrollments at March 31, 2023, which includes 650 and 360 GCU students at March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. Although partner enrollments at our off-campus classroom and laboratory sites returned to year over year growth this quarter, some existing partners continue to experience reduced incoming cohort sizes which has slowed the growth. We believe the growth in the number of ABSN students is being negatively impacted by the strong job market as these students have historically been individuals with already completed bachelor’s degrees choosing to re-career into one of these health professions. To address this challenge, we have been working with a number of our university partners to adjust their programs to allow students with the required education experience but without a completed bachelor’s degree to enter their programs. The majority of those partners that have made the adjustment to admit students without a completed bachelor’s degree had new enrollment growth on a year over year basis in the Spring 2023 semester. We opened five sites in the year ended December 31, 2023 and two sites in the three months ended March 31, 2024 increasing the total number of these sites to 42 at March 31, 2024, which has also positively impacted the enrollment growth. Enrollments for GCU ground students were 22,965 at March 31, 2024 up from 22,568 at March 31, 2023. GCU online enrollments were 93,987 at March 31, 2024, up from 86,065 at March 31, 2023, an increase of 9.2% between years.

Technology and academic services. Our technology and academic services expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2024 were $39.1 million, an increase of $1.6 million, or 4.3%, as compared to technology and academic

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services expenses of $37.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023. This increase was primarily due to increases in occupancy and depreciation and in other technology and academic costs of $1.3 million and $1.1 million, respectively, partially offset by a decrease in employee compensation and related expenses, including share-based compensation of $0.8 million. The increased occupancy and depreciation and other technology and academic costs were primarily due to the costs associated with the increased number of off-campus classroom and laboratory sites to support our 23 university partners, and their increased enrollment growth. The decrease in employee compensation and related expenses is primarily due to decreased faculty reimbursements due to the decline in some of our other partners’ enrollments and changes in our agreements with certain university partners whereby we no longer reimburse these partners for their faculty costs partially offset by increased headcount to support our 23 university partners, and their increased enrollment growth, tenure-based salary adjustments and the increased number of off-campus classroom and laboratory sites year over year. Our technology and academic services expenses as a percentage of revenue decreased by 0.8% to 14.2% for the three months ended March 31, 2024, from 15.0% for the three months ended March 31, 2023. This decrease was primarily due to the decreased faculty reimbursements between years. We anticipate that technology and academic services expenses as a percentage of revenue will continue to increase in the future as we open more off-site classroom and laboratory sites although these increases might be offset by lower faculty reimbursements if more partners choose to adjust their contracts.

Counseling services and support. Our counseling services and support expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2024 were $82.9 million, an increase of $9.6 million, or 13.0%, as compared to counseling services and support expenses of $73.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023. This increase was primarily attributable to increases in employee compensation and related expenses including share-based compensation and benefits, in other counseling services and support expenses and in occupancy and depreciation costs of $7.2 million, $1.8 million and $0.6 million, respectively. The increases in employee compensation and related expenses were primarily due to increased headcount to support our university partners, and their planned increases in enrollment, tenure-based salary adjustments and the increased number of off-campus classroom and laboratory sites open year over year. The increase in other counseling services and support expenses is primarily the result of increased travel costs for our 23 university partners. The increase in occupancy and depreciation is primarily related to higher depreciation expense associated with our continued enhancements to IT infrastructure and internal-use software development. Our counseling services and support expenses as a percentage of revenue increased by 0.9% to 30.2% for the three months ended March 31, 2024, from 29.3% for the three months ended March 31, 2023 primarily due to the significant increase year over year in travel expenses and headcount. We anticipate that counseling services and support expense will continue to increase in the future as we continue to invest to meet our partners’ needs but are hopeful that we will see leverage in counseling services and support expenses as a percentage of revenue in 2024.

Marketing and communication. Our marketing and communication expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2024 were $55.4 million, an increase of $2.5 million, or 4.6%, as compared to marketing and communication expenses of $52.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023. This increase was primarily attributable to the increased cost to market our university partners’ programs and to the marketing of new university partners and new locations which resulted in increased advertising of $2.1 million, increased employee compensation, including share-based compensation and benefits of $0.2 million, an increase in occupancy and depreciation of $0.1 million and an increase in other marketing and communication expenses of $0.1 million. Our marketing and communication expenses as a percentage of revenue decreased by 0.9% to 20.2% for the three months ended March 31, 2024, from 21.1% for the three months ended March 31, 2023, primarily due to our ability to leverage our marketing and communication expenses across an increasing revenue base. Although we will continue to invest heavily in this area, we are hopeful that we will see leverage in marketing and communication costs in 2024.

General and administrative. Our general and administrative expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2024 were $10.7 million, an increase of $0.9 million, or 9.6%, as compared to general and administrative expenses of $9.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023. This increase was primarily attributable to an increase in professional fees and an increase in employee compensation, including share-based compensation and benefits of $0.8 million and $0.2 million respectively. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in other administrative expenses of $0.1 million. Our professional fees increased between years primarily due to higher legal costs. Our general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenue stayed flat at 3.9% for both of the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 due to our ability to leverage our general and administrative expenses across an increasing revenue base. General and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenue could increase in 2024 due to higher expected legal costs.

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Amortization of intangible assets. Amortization of intangible assets for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 were $2.1 million for both periods. As a result of the acquisition of our wholly owned subsidiary, Orbis Education, certain identifiable intangible assets were created (primarily customer relationships) that will be amortized over their expected lives.

Investment interest and other. Investment interest and other for the three months ended March 31, 2024 was $3.7 million, as compared to investment interest and other for the three months ended March 31, 2023 of $2.2 million due to higher investment balances and higher returns on those balances.

Income tax expense. Income tax expense for the three months ended March 31, 2024 was $20.2 million, an increase of $3.2 million, or 18.5%, as compared to income tax expense of $17.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023. Our effective tax rate was 22.9% during the first quarter of 2024 compared to 22.3% during the first quarter of 2023. In the first quarter of 2024, the effective tax rate was favorably impacted by excess tax benefits of $1.5 million as compared to $0.9 million in the first quarter of 2023. The effective tax rate increased year over year due to higher taxable income and in the first quarter of 2023 the effective tax rate was favorably impacted by state income tax refunds.

Net income. Our net income for the three months ended March 31, 2024 was $68.0 million, an increase of $8.4 million, or 14.2%, as compared to $59.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023, due to the factors discussed above.

Seasonality

Our net revenue and operating results normally fluctuate as a result of seasonal variations in our business, principally due to changes in our university partners’ enrollment. Our partners’ enrollment varies as a result of new enrollments, graduations, and student attrition. Revenues in the summer months (May through August) are lower primarily due to the majority of GCU’s traditional ground university students not attending courses during the summer months, which affects our results for our second and third fiscal quarters. Since a significant amount of our costs are fixed, the lower revenue resulting from the decreased summer enrollment has historically contributed to lower operating margins during those periods. Partially offsetting this summer effect has been the sequential quarterly increase in enrollments that has occurred as a result of the traditional fall school start. This increase in enrollments also has occurred in the first quarter, corresponding to calendar year matriculation. Thus, we experience higher net revenue in the fourth quarter due to its overlap with the semester encompassing the traditional fall school start and in the first quarter due to its overlap with the first semester of the calendar year. A portion of our expenses do not vary proportionately with these fluctuations in service revenue, resulting in higher operating income in the first and fourth quarters relative to other quarters. We expect quarterly fluctuation in operating results to continue as a result of these seasonal patterns.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

As of March 31,

As of December 31,

(In thousands)

2024

2023

Cash, cash equivalents and investments

$

290,693

$

244,506

Overview

Our liquidity position, as measured by cash and cash equivalents and investments increased by $46.2 million between December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2024, which was largely attributable to cash flows from operations during the three months ended March 31, 2024 exceeding share repurchases, changes in our investment balances and capital expenditures.

Based on our current level of operations and anticipated growth, we believe that our cash flow from operations and other sources of liquidity, including cash and cash equivalents and investments, will provide adequate funds for ongoing operations, planned capital expenditures, and working capital requirements for at least the next 24 months.

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Cash Flows from Operating Activities

Three Months Ended March 31,

(In thousands)

2024

2023

Net cash provided by operating activities

$

84,963

$

62,999

The increase in cash generated from operating activities between the three months ended March 31, 2023 and the three months ended March 31, 2024 was primarily due to increased income and changes in working capital balances, primarily accounts payable, accrued liabilities and accounts receivable. Accounts payable increased between December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2024 by $10.0 million more than it did between December 31, 2022 and March 31, 2023 due to the timing of check runs during those periods and accrued liabilities decreased by $6.2 million less than it did between December 31, 2022 and March 31, 2023 due to the timing of payroll disbursements. Accounts receivable increased by $7.7 million more than it did between December 31, 2022 and March 31, 2023 due primarily to higher revenues between periods. We define working capital as the assets and liabilities, other than cash, generated through the Company’s primary operating activities. Changes in these balances are included in the changes in assets and liabilities presented in the consolidated statement of cash flows.

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

Three Months Ended March 31,

(In thousands)

2024

2023

Net cash used in investing activities

$

(5,260)

$

(37,134)

Investing activities consumed $5.3 million of cash in the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to $37.1 million in the three months ended March 31, 2023.

In the first three months of 2024 and 2023 cash used in investing activities included capital expenditures totaling $9.0 million and $8.6 million, respectively. Capital expenditures for both periods primarily consisted of leasehold improvements and equipment for new off-campus classroom and laboratory sites, as well as purchases of computer equipment, internal use software projects and furniture and equipment to support our increasing employee headcount. The Company incurs upfront expenses and capital expenditures prior to an off-campus classroom and laboratory site being opened. The Company intends to continue to spend approximately $30.0 million to $40.0 million per year for capital expenditures.

Cash used in investing activities also includes net investment activity. In the first three months of 2024, proceeds, net of purchases of available-for sale securities were $3.8 million, while in the first three months of 2023 the purchase of available-for-sale securities, net of proceeds from the sale of investments of $28.3 million.

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

Three Months Ended March 31,

(In thousands)

2024

2023

Net cash used in financing activities

$

(29,970)

$

(41,234)

Financing activities consumed $30.0 million of cash in the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to $41.2 million in the three months ended March 31, 2023.

During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, $22.6 million and $34.9 million, respectively was used to purchase treasury stock in accordance with GCE’s share repurchase program. In 2024 and 2023, $7.4 million and $6.3 million, respectively, of cash was utilized to purchase common shares withheld in lieu of income taxes resulting from the vesting of restricted share awards. The Company intends to continue using a significant portion of its cash flows from operations to repurchase its shares.

Share Repurchase Program

The Board of Directors has authorized under its existing stock repurchase program, an aggregate authorization for share repurchases since the initiation of the program of $2,045.0 million. The current expiration date on the repurchase authorization by our Board of Directors is March 1, 2025. Repurchases occur at the Company’s discretion and the Company may modify, suspend or discontinue the repurchase authorization at any time.

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Under our share repurchase authorization, we may purchase shares in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions, pursuant to the applicable SEC rules. The amount and timing of future share repurchases, if any, will be made as market and business conditions warrant.

We repurchased 171,670 shares of common stock in the three months ended March 31, 2024. At March 31, 2024, there remains $242.5 million available under our share repurchase authorization.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have had or are reasonably likely to have a material current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, or capital resources.

Item 3.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Market risk. As of March 31, 2024, we have no derivative financial instruments or derivative commodity instruments. We invest cash in excess of current operating requirements in money market instruments and commercial paper at multiple financial institutions.

Interest rate risk. We manage interest rate risk by investing excess funds in cash equivalents, BBB or higher rated corporate bonds, commercial paper, agency bonds, municipal securities, asset backed securities, municipal bonds, and collateralized mortgage obligations bearing variable interest rates, which are tied to various market indices or individual bond coupon rates. Our future investment income may fall short of expectations due to changes in interest rates or we may suffer losses in principal if we are forced to sell securities before their maturity date that have declined in market value due to changes in interest rates. At March 31, 2024, a 10% increase or decrease in interest rates would not have a material impact on our future earnings, fair values, or cash flows.

Item 4.   Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

We carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act. Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective, as of March 31, 2024, in ensuring that material information relating to us required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by an issuer in reports it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to management, including its principal executive officer or officers and principal financial officer or officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting.

Based on an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer (who is our principal executive officer) and our Chief Financial Officer (who is our principal financial officer), there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation required by Rule 13a-15(d) and 15d-15(d) of the Exchange Act that occurred during the period covered by this report that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1.   Legal Proceedings

For information regarding our material pending legal proceedings, see the section entitled Litigation within Note 8 – Commitments and Contingencies of our notes to consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this report, which section is incorporated by reference into this Part II, Item 1.

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Item 1A. Risk Factors

There have been no material changes to the risk factors disclosed in the “Risk Factors” section of the 2023 Form 10-K.

Item 2.   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

None.

Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers

The Board of Directors has authorized under its existing stock repurchase program, an aggregate authorization for share repurchases since the initiation of the program of $2,045.0 million. The current expiration date on the repurchase authorization by our Board of Directors is March 1, 2025. Repurchases occur at the Company’s discretion and the Company may modify, suspend or discontinue the repurchase authorization at any time. Repurchases may be made in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions, pursuant to the applicable Securities and Exchange Commission rules. The amount and timing of future share repurchases, if any, will be made as market and business conditions warrant.

During the three months ended March 31, 2024, 171,670 shares of common stock were repurchased by the Company. At March 31, 2024, there remains $242.5 million available under our share repurchase authorization.

The following table sets forth our share repurchases of common stock and our share repurchases in lieu of taxes, which are not included in the repurchase plan totals as they were approved in conjunction with the restricted share awards, during each period in the first quarter of fiscal 2024:

    

    

    

Total Number of

   

Maximum Dollar

Shares Purchased as

Value of Shares

Average

Part of Publicly

That May Yet Be

Total Number of

Price Paid

Announced

Purchased Under

Period

Shares Purchased

Per Share

Program

the Program

Share Repurchases

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

January 1, 2024 – January 31, 2024

 

38,553

$

126.15

 

38,553

$

260,200,000

February 1, 2024 – February 29, 2024

 

57,880

$

131.01

 

57,880

$

252,600,000

March 1, 2024 – March 31, 2024

 

75,237

$

133.94

 

75,237

$

242,500,000

Total

 

171,670

$

131.20

 

171,670

$

242,500,000

Tax Withholdings

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

January 1, 2024 – January 31, 2024

 

$

 

$

February 1, 2024 – February 29, 2024

 

$

 

$

March 1, 2024 – March 31, 2024

 

55,276

$

134.71

 

$

Total

 

55,276

$

134.71

 

$

Item 3.   Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

Item 4.   Mine Safety Disclosures

None.

Item 5.   Other Information

During the three months ended March 31, 2024, no director or officer of the Company adopted or terminated a “Rule 10b5-1 trading arrangement” or “non-Rule 10b5-1 trading arrangement,” as each term is defined in Item 408(a) of Regulation S-K.

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Item 6.   Exhibits

(a)   Exhibits

Number

    

Description

    

Method of Filing

3.1

Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation.

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 20, 2019.

3.2

Third Amended and Restated Bylaws.

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on October 29, 2014.

4.1

Specimen of Stock Certificate.

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to Amendment No. 2 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed with the SEC on September 29, 2008.

31.1

Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

Filed herewith.

31.2

Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

Filed herewith.

32.1

Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. ††

Filed herewith.

32.2

Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. ††

Filed herewith.

101

The following financial statements from the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2024, formatted in Inline XBRL: (i) Consolidated Income Statements, (ii) Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income, (iii) Consolidated Balance Sheets, (iv) Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity, (v) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and (vi) Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements tagged as blocks of text and including detailed tags.

Filed herewith.

104

The cover page from the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2024, formatted in Inline XBRL (included as Exhibit 101).

Filed herewith.

††   This certification is being furnished solely to accompany this report pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 and is not being filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act, and is not to be incorporated by reference into any filings of the Company, whether made before or after the date hereof, regardless of any general incorporation language in such filing.

27

Table of Contents

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

    

GRAND CANYON EDUCATION, INC.

Date: May 7, 2024

By:

/s/ Daniel E. Bachus

Daniel E. Bachus

Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial Officer)

28

Exhibit 31.1

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO RULES 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a),

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 0F THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Brian E. Mueller, certify that:

1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ending March 31, 2024 of Grand Canyon Education, Inc.;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: May 7, 2024

    

/s/ Brian E. Mueller

Brian E. Mueller

Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)


Exhibit 31.2

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO RULES 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a),

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 0F THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Daniel E. Bachus, certify that:

1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ending March 31, 2024 of Grand Canyon Education, Inc.;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: May 7, 2024

    

/s/ Daniel E. Bachus

Daniel E. Bachus

Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial Officer)


Exhibit 32.1

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Grand Canyon Education, Inc. (the “Company”) for the quarter ended March 31, 2024 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Brian E. Mueller, Chief Executive Officer, of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that to the best of my knowledge:

(1)

The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (15 U.S.C. 78m or 78o); and

(2)

The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

Date: May 7, 2024

    

/s/ Brian E. Mueller

Brian E. Mueller

Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer)


Exhibit 32.2

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10Q of Grand Canyon Education, Inc. (the “Company”) for the quarter ended March 31, 2024 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Daniel E. Bachus, Chief Financial Officer, of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that to the best of my knowledge:

(1)

The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (15 U.S.C. 78m or 78o); and

(2)

The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.